Spondylodiscitis is a spine infection that primarily affects the disks and then pervades adjacent vertebrae through endplates. Spinal infections are caused by different pathogens that may be bacterial, fungal, or parasitic. Comprehensively spinal infections spondylodiscitis is a term referred to as vertebral osteomyelitis, spondylitis, and discitis.
Symptoms Of Spondylodiscitis?
The common symptoms caused by Spondylodiscitis include:
 Severe back pain or neck pain
 Restricted range of motions
 Paravertebral muscle spasm
 Weakness in legs or hands and inability to bear weight
 Weight loss, loss of appetite, fever, anorexia, nausea
 Incontinence of bladder and bowels
 Constant pain, worsening at night 
Who has higher risk for spondylodicitis?
Some risk factors that can make someone prone to this condition are as follows:
 Decreased body immunity in patients with CVD, renal failure, chronic hepatitis or liver cirrhosis
 Obesity
 Drug abuse
 Regular steroid intake
 Alcohol and nicotine abuse
 HIV infection
 Multiple morbidities
 Chemotherapy or immunotherapy for cancer treatment.
 Diagnosis of Spondylodiscitis

The doctor asks the patient about their medical history, symptoms, as comorbidities along with it, he may prescribes some blood infection markers test like CBC, ESR, CRP and some imaging like X-rays, CT scan or MRI of the involved spine to confirm the disease.
To confirm the type of disease whether it is bacterial or fungal or tuberculous infection and to isolate the organism, Biopsy is must with culture and sensitivity for extracted pus from spine.
Treatments
Conservative approach
The conservative treatment includes wide range of antibiotics and immobilization for certain period. It is recommended either when the infection is in initial stage or when bone eaten up by infection is very less or when the patient is not fit for the surgery. The braces or corsets is given for Immobilization.
Surgery
The surgery is recommended in cases when there is instability in spine after infection or persistent pain or deformity formation after infection or
when patient fails for conservative treatment. Our doctor performs debridement and fixation procedures with reconstruction and spinal fusion to eliminate the infectious part of the spine and stabilize the spine sections into one unit.