Spondylolisthesis
Spondylolisthesis is a spinal disorder in which one of your spinal vertebrae bone slips out of place onto the vertebra below it that causes lower back pain and leg pain due to nerve compression.

This slippage is due to degeneration in discs between vertebrae and the facet joints (the two back parts of each vertebrae that link the vertebrae together).

What are the types of spondylolisthesis?
Types of spondylolisthesis include:
 Congenital spondylolisthesis occurs when a baby’s spine doesn’t form the way it should before birth. The misaligned vertebrae put the person at risk for slippage later in life.
 Isthmic spondylolisthesis happens as a result of spondylolysis. The crack or fracture weakens the bone.
 Degenerative spondylolisthesis, the most common type, happens due to aging. Over time, the disks that cushion the vertebrae lose water. As the disks thin, they are more likely to
slip out of place.
 Traumatic spondylolisthesis happens when an injury causes vertebrae to slip.

SYMPTOMS of spondylolisthesis?
Lower back pain is typically the main presenting symptom with may radiate to legs, buttocks, down the thighs. Patient mau experience Muscle spasms with Back stiffness and difficulty in walking.
DIAGNOSIS

Your healthcare provider will do a physical exam and ask you about your symptoms. You will then likely need an imaging scan Spinal X-
ray, CT scan or MRI scan to confirm the diagnosis.

MANAGEMENT AND TREATMENT

Treatment depends on the grade of the slippage, your symptoms, age and overall health. Your healthcare provider will discuss treatment options with you. You may need conservative treatment like medication, physical therapy or surgery. You may need Fusion and Fixation surgery if you have high-grade spondylolisthesis, the pain is severe or you’ve tried nonsurgical treatments without success. The goals of spondylolisthesis surgery
are to:
 Relieve pain from the irritated nerve.
 Stabilize the spine where the vertebra has slipped.
 Restore your function.